Scientific Projects

INFLUENCING FACTORS of the pencil grip AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE WRITING PROCESS. Basis for diagnosis, indications for therapy and differentiated selection of evidence-based therapeutic interventions (MASTER’S thesis)



The objective of this thesis is to use existing literature to identify the factors that are fundamentally decisive in the classification of an incorrect pencil grip and that particularly affect fatigue-free writing endurance. The primary research question is: To what extent are there influencing factors when gripping a pencil that cause fatigue during long periods of writing and for this reason define an “incorrect” pencil grip? Besides the possibility of a precise definition, the clarification of this question offers a basis for diagnoses as well as the derivation of specific therapies and intervention possibilities.


Literature review, expert interview (qualitative), pretest or pilot study (quantitative).


For literary acquisition, the use of the three-point grip (= dynamic tripod) is widely recommended. However, literature research reveals that there may well be more grip techniques declared as "mature pen holding". A uniform classification and naming of individual pen grips is not sufficiently available in German-speaking countries. Also, the proof of an influence of different pen grips on the writing process has not yet been satisfactorily provided.

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July 2018 - May 2019

Master student:                                       

Susanne Salata, Dipl.-Ergotherapie (FH, Occupational Therapy). Occupational Therapy Master Program (M.Sc.) at Donau-Universität Krems. Master's thesis in cooperation with Schreibmotorik Institut e.V.

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